The principal and overriding objective of the Odra-Vistula Flood Management Project is to ensure protection of health and life as well as physical property for about 40% of Poland’s population and therefore the Project’s social impacts are considered to be positive.
Additional long-term benefits for the society arising from the implementation of the Project will include the following:
In spite of these positive effects of the OVFMP, its implementation can also entail a negative impact due to the need to acquire properties for the implementation of the individual investments. A part of the investments that are carried out under the Project involve rehabilitation and upgrade of already existing infrastructure (e.g. existing embankments and groynes) and their social negative impacts will be limited. Other investments, such as the construction of new structures, including new dry polders (e.g. in the Nysa Kłodzka River valley) or the implementation of some investments in the Upper Vistula basin area, are associated with the need to acquire properties, which may cause economic impacts (e.g. due to expropriation of agricultural land).
To ensure the lowest possible social impacts, the selection of investments implemented under the Project and their design were guided by the following criteria:
The key Project-related social impacts arising from permanent land acquisition or temporary land use for the purposes of its implementation include the following:
The land acquisition procedures adopted under the Project aim to minimize or avoid, if possible, the a.m. impacts. However, where they cannot be avoided, measures are taken which will ensure that the livelihood and living conditions of project-affected people are improved or at least restored to pre-project levels.